星力9代

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                            1. 首页 > 联合国人权机制与中国 > 国际人权文书 > 禁止酷刑委员会通过的一般性意见 >
                              第3号一般性意见:缔约国对第14条的执行

                              2013-12-02 15:26:33   来源:   

                              第3号一般性意见:缔约国对第14条的执行

                              (2012年)

                              星力9代  1.  BENYIBANXINGYIJIANXIANGDIYUEGUOJIESHIHECHENGQING《JINZHIKUXINGHEQITACANREN、BURENDAOHUOYOURURENGEDEDAIYUHUOCHUFAGONGYUE》DI14TIAOGUIDINGDEYIWUDENEIRONGHEFANWEI。MEIYIDIYUEGUOXU“ZAIQIFALVTIZHINEIQUEBAOKUXINGSHOUHAIZHEDEDAOBUCHANG,BINGXIANGYOUHUODEGONGPINGHECHONGFENPEICHANGDEQIANGZHIZHIXINGQUANLI,QIZHONGBAOKUOJINLIANGSHIQIWANQUANFUYUAN”。WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,DI14TIAOSHIYONGYUKUXINGHECANREN、BURENDAOHUOYOURURENGEDEDAIYUHUOCHUFA(YIXIAJIANCHENG“NVEDAI”)XINGWEIDESUOYOUSHOUHAIREN,YUWEIYUANHUIDI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIANXIANGYIZHI,BUJIARENHEXINGSHIDEQISHI。

                                2.  WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,DI14TIAOZHONGDE“JIUJI”YICIBAOHAN“YOUXIAOBUJIUBANFA”HE“PEICHANG”GAINIAN。YINCI,QUANMIANDEPEICHANGGAINIANYIWEIZHEHUIFU、BUCHANG、FUYUAN、QINGCHANGHEBAOZHENGBUZAIFASHENG,TAZHISHEWEIJIUZHENGWEIFAN《GONGYUE》XINGWEISUOBIXUDEQUANFANWEICUOSHI。

                              星力9代  3.  SHOUHAIZHEXIZHIYOUYUGOUCHENGWEIFAN《GONGYUE》DEXINGWEIHUOBUZUOWEIERZAOSHOUDANDUHUOJITISHANGHAIDEREN,ZHEIZHONGSHANGHAIBAOKUOSHENTIHUOJINGSHENSHANGHAI、GANQINGTONGKU、JINGJISUNSHIHUODUIQIJIBENQUANLIDEZHONGDASUNHAI。YIGERENYINGBEISHIWEISHOUHAIZHE,WULUNQINQUANFANZUIRENSHIFOUBEIQUEDINGSHENFEN、DAIBU、QISUHUODINGZUI,YEWULUNFANZUIRENHESHOUHAIZHEZHIJIANSHIFOUCUNZAIRENHEJIATINGHUOQITAGUANXI。“SHOUHAIZHE”HAIBAOKUOSHOUHAIZHEDEZHIXIQINSHUHUOSHOUFUYANGRENYIJICHUMIANGANYUYIYUANZHUSHOUHAIZHEHUOFANGZHISHOUHAIQINGKUANGERMENGSHOUSUNHAIDEREN。ZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIA,SHOUDAOSHANGHAIDERENKENENGGENGYUANYISHIYONG“XINGCUNZHE”YICI。WEIYUANHUIDUI“SHOUHAIZHE”ZHEIYIFALVSHUYUDESHIYONGBINGBUSUNHAIZAITEDINGQINGKUANGXIAKENENGGENGYISHIYONGDEQITACIYU。

                                4.  WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,SHOUHAIZHECANYUBUCHANGGUOCHENGSHIFENZHONGYAO,ERQIE,HUIFUSHOUHAIZHEDEZUNYANSHITIGONGJIUJIDEZUIZHONGMUBIAO。

                              星力9代  5.  DI14TIAOGUIDINGDEDIYUEGUOTIGONGJIUJIDEYIWUYOULIANGGEFANGMIAN:CHENGXUXINGJIUJIHESHIZHIXINGJIUJI。WEILVXINGCHENGXUXINGYIWU,DIYUEGUOYINGBANBUFALVBINGSHELISHENSUJIZHI、DIAOCHAJIGUANHEJIGOU,BAOKUODULISIFAJIGOU,ZHEIXIEJIGOUNENGGOUCAIDINGKUXINGHENVEDAISHOUHAIZHESHIFOUYOUQUANHUODEJIUJIBINGXIANGQIPANFUJIUJI;DIYUEGUOHAIYINGQUEBAOZHEIZHONGJIZHIHEJIGOUXINGZHIYOUXIAOERQIESUOYOUSHOUHAIZHEDOUKEJIAYILIYONG。ZAISHIZHIXINGFANGMIAN,DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAOKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEHUODECHONGFEN、YOUXIAOJIUJIHEPEICHANG,BAOKUOBUCHANGHEJINLIANGSHIQIWANQUANFUYUAN。

                                实质性义务:救济权的范围

                              星力9代  6.  SHANGWENDI2DUANYIZHICHU,JIUJIBAOKUOYIXIAWUZHONGXINGSHIDEPEICHANG:HUIFU、BUCHANG、FUYUAN、QINGCHANGHEBAOZHENGBUZAIFASHENG。WEIYUANHUICHENGREN《GUANYUYANZHONGQINFANGUOJIRENQUANFAHEGUOJIRENDAOZHUYIFAXINGWEIDESHOUHAIZHEHUODEBUJIUHEPEICHANGQUANDEJIBENYUANZEHEZHUNZE》(《JIBENYUANZEHEZHUNZE》)SUOZAILIEDEGUOJIFAHEGUOJIGUANLIXIADECHONGFENJIUJIDEGEXIANGYAOSU。  PEICHANGBIXUSHIZU、YOUXIAOHEQUANMIAN。WEIYUANHUITIXINGDIYUEGUO,ZAIQUEDINGXIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJIHEPEICHANGCUOSHISHI,BIXUKAOLVMEIGEANJIANDETEYIXINGHEJUTIQINGJIE,JIUJIYINGGENJUSHOUHAIZHEDETESHUXUYAOJIAYIDINGZHIBINGYUDUIQIFANXIADEQINQUANXINGWEIDEYANZHONGXINGXIANGSHICHENG。WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,DUIYUWEILAIQINQUANXINGWEIERYAN,TIGONGPEICHANGJUYOUNEIZAIDEYUFANGHEWEISHEXIAOGUO。

                              星力9代  7.  ZAIYIGUANFANGSHENFENXINGSHIDEGUOJIAQUANLIJIGUANHUOQITAFANGFANYOU、ZHIDAOHUOYOUHELILIYOUXIANGXINFEIGUOJIAGUANYUANHUOSIRENXINGWEIFANGFANYOUKUXINGHUONVEDAIXINGWEIDANWEIANZHAO《GONGYUE》LVXINGYUFANG、DIAOCHA、QISUHECHENGFAZHEIXIEFEIGUOJIAGUANYUANHUOSIRENXINGWEIFANGZHIYINGJINZHIZEDEQINGKUANGXIA,GUOJIAFUYOUXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJIDEZEREN(DI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIAN)。

                                恢复

                                8.  “HUIFU”XIZHI,KAOLVDAOMEIGEANJIANDEJUTIQINGKUANG,ZHIZAIHUIFUSHISHIWEIFAN《GONGYUE》XINGWEIZHIQIANSHOUHAIZHEZHUANGKUANGDEYIZHONGJIUJIXINGSHI。《GONGYUE》XIADEYUFANGYIWUYAOQIUDIYUEGUOQUEBAO,BUJIANGJIESHOUCIZHONGHUIFUDESHOUHAIZHEZHIYUMIANLINZAICIZAOYUKUXINGHUONVEDAIDEWEIXIANJINGDI。ZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIA,SHOUHAIZHEKENENGRENWEI,YOUYUQINQUANXINGWEIDEXINGZHI,HUIFUYIBUKENENG;DANSHI,GUOJIAYINGXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGHUODEJIUJIDECHONGFENTUJING。WEISHIHUIFUQIESHIYOUXIAO,YINGZUOCHUNULI,ZHESHOUCHULIQINQUANXINGWEIDEJIEGOUXINGYUANYIN,BAOKUOYULIRUXINGBIE、XINGQUXIANG、CANJI、ZHENGZHIHUOQITAJIANJIE、ZHONGZU、NIANLING、ZONGJIAOHESUOYOUQITAQISHILIYOUXIANGGUANDERENHEXINGSHIDEQISHI。

                                赔偿

                                9.  WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,DANKAOJINQIANPEICHANGKENENGBUZUYIXIANGKUXINGHENVEDAIDESHOUHAIZHETIGONGCHONGFENJIUJI。WEIYUANHUIQUEREN,JIUDIYUEGUOZUNSHOUDI14TIAOGUIDINGDEYIWUERYAN,JINTIGONGJINQIANPEICHANGSHIBUGOUDE。

                              星力9代  10.  DI14TIAOGUIDINGDEHUODEJISHI、GONGZHENGHESHIZUDEKUXINGHUONVEDAIPEICHANGQUANSHIDUOCENGCIDE,XIANGSHOUHAIZHEPANFUDEPEICHANG,BULUNSHIJINQIANXINGDEHUOFEIJINQIANXINGDE,YINGZUYIBUCHANGYOUYUKUXINGHUONVEDAIERCHANSHENGDERENHEKEJINXINGJINGJIPINGGUDESUNHAI。ZHEIKEBAOKUO:CHANGFUYIZHIFUDEYILIAOFEIYONGBINGTIGONGZIJIN,ZHIFUSHOUHAIZHESUOXUYAODEWEILAIYILIAOHUOFUYUANFUWU,YIQUEBAOJINKENENGDEWANQUANFUYUAN;YOUYUSUOZAOCHENGDESHENTIHUOJINGSHENSHANGHAIERCHANSHENGDEJINQIANHEFEIJINQIANSHANGHAIPEICHANG;YOUYUKUXINGHUONVEDAISUOZAOCHENGDECANJISUODAOZHIDESHOURUHEQIANZAISHOURUSUNSHI;JIUYEHEJIAOYUDENGJIHUISANGSHI。CIWAI,DIYUEGUOXIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGDESHIZUPEICHANGYINGBAOKUOFALVHUOZHUANJIAYUANZHUHEYUTICHUJIUJISUOCHANGXIANGGUANDEQITAFEIYONG。

                                复原

                              星力9代  11.  WEIYUANHUIQUEREN,XIANGRENHEYOUYU《GONGYUE》ZAODAOWEIFANERSHOUDAOSHANGHAIDERENTIGONGJINKENENGWANQUANFUYUANDETUJING,ZHEIZHONGTUJINGDETIGONGYINGSHIZHENGTIXINGDEBINGYINGBAOKUOYILIAOHEXINLIHULIYIJIFALVHESHEHUIFUWU。JIUBENYIBANXINGYIJIANERYAN,“FUYUAN”XIZHIHUIFUGONGNENGHUOHUODEZAOSHOUKUXINGHUONVEDAIZHIHOUYOUYUSHOUHAIZHEDECHUJINGFASHENGBIANHUASUOXUYAODEXINJINENG。FUYUANLITUSHIYOUGUANRENYUANNENGGOUHUODEZUIDAKENENGDEZILINENGLIHEGONGNENG,BINGKEBAOKUODUIQIWUZHIHUANJINGHESHEHUIHUANJINGJINXINGDIAOZHENG。SHISHOUHAIZHEFUYUAN,QIMUBIAOYINGGAISHI,JINKENENGHUIFUQIDULIXING、SHENTI、XINLI、SHEHUIHEZHIYENENGLI;CHONGFENRONGRUHECANYUSHEHUI。

                              星力9代  12.  WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,DIYUEGUOTIGONG“JINKENENGWANQUANFUYUAN”DETUJINGZHIYIWUXIZHI,XUHUIFUYUANZHUANGBINGBUJIUSHOUHAIZHE――QIRENSHENGJINGKUANGBAOKUOZUNYAN、JIANKANGHEZILINENGLIKENENGYOUYUKUXINGDEMANYANXINGYINGXIANGYONGYUANWUFAWANQUANHUIFU――SUOZAOSHOUDESHANGHAI。CIYIWUYUDIYUEGUODEKEYONGZIYUANWUGUAN,ERQIEBUDETUICHI。

                                13.  WEILVXINGXIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGJINKENENGWANQUANFUYUANDETUJINGZHIYIWU,GEDIYUEGUOYINGCAIQUZHANGQIZONGHEFANGZHEN,QUEBAOXIANGKUXINGHENVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGXIANCHENGDE、SHIDANGDEBINGQIERONGYIHUODEDEZHUANYEFUWU。ZHEIXIEFUWUYINGBAOKUO:JIEYIPINGGUHEPINGJIAGERENZHILIAOXUQIUHEQITAXUQIUDECHENGXU,GAICHENGXUYOUYINGJIYU《KUXINGHEQITACANREN、BURENDAOHUOYOURURENGEDEDAIYUHUOCHUFADEYOUXIAODIAOCHAHEWENJIANJILUSHOUCE》(《YISITANBUERYIDINGSHU》);ZHEIXIEFUWUKEBAOKUOGUANGFANDEKUAXUEKECUOSHI,LIRU,YILIAOHESHENXINFUYUANFUWU;RONGRUHESHEHUIFUWU;MIANXIANGSHEQUHEJIATINGDEYUANZHUHEFUWU;ZHIYEPEIXUN;JIAOYUDENG。JIANGSHOUHAIZHEDETINENGHENAISHOULIYINARUKAOLIANGDEZHENGTIXINGFUYUANFANGZHENZHIGUANZHONGYAO。CIWAI,SHOUHAIZHEKENENGMIANLINZAIZAOCHUANGSHANGDEFENGXIAN,TAMENDUIYUKELINGQIXIANGQICENGJINGCHENGSHOUGUODEKUXINGHUONVEDAIDEXINGWEIYOUYIZHONGQIESHIKONGJU。YINCI,XUJIANLIYIGEKEJIEYITIGONGYUANZHUDECHONGMANXINXINHEXINRENDEFENWEI,ZHEIXIANGGONGZUOYINGJIYUGAODUYOUXIANXING。YINGANXUYAOTIGONGBAOMIFUWU。

                                14.  《GONGYUE》GUIDINGDETIGONGZHEIXIEZHONGLEIDEFUYUANFUWUDEYAOQIUBINGBUXIAOCHUZAIKUXINGHOULIJIXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGYILIAOHEXINLIFUWUZHIXUYAO,ERQIE,ZHEIZHONGCHUBUHULIYEBUYIWEIZHELVXINGLETIGONGJINKENENGWANQUANFUYUANDETUJINGZHIYIWU。

                                15.  DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,ZAIGUONEISHELIYOUXIAODEFUYUANFUWUHEFANGAN,KAOLVDAOSHOUHAIZHEDEWENHUA、GEXING、LISHIHEBEIJING,SUOYOUSHOUHAIZHEJUNKEJIAYILIYONG,BUJIAQISHIERQIEWULUNSHOUHAIZHEZAIBIANYUANHUAHUORUOSHIQUNTIZHONGDESHENFENHUODIWEIRUHE,RUDI32DUANSUOCHANSHIDE,BAOKUOXUNQIUBIHUZHEHENANMIN。DIYUEGUOYINGLIFASHELIJUTIJIZHIHEFANGAN,XIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGFUYUANFUWU。ZAIYOUYOUZIGEDEDULIYILIAOZHUANYERENYUANJINXINGPINGGUZHIHOU,YINGJINKUAIXIANGKUXINGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGSHIYONGFUYUANFANGANDETUJING。JINRUFUYUANJIHUABUYINGQUJUEYUSHOUHAIZHEXUNQIULESIFABUJIUCUOSHI。MANZUDI14TIAOGUIDINGDETIGONGJINKENENGWANQUANFUYUANDETUJINGZHIYIWUKETONGGUOYIXIABANFAJIAYILVXING:YOUGUOJIAZHIJIETIGONGFUYUANFUWU,HUOTONGGUOZIZHUSIRENYILIAO、FALVHEQITASHESHI,BAOKUOYOUFEIZHENGFUZUZHIGUANLIDESHESHI,RUSHUZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,GUOJIAYINGQUEBAOMEIYOUZHENDUIZHEIXIEZUZHIDEBAOFUHUOKONGHE。SHOUHAIZHECANYUXUANZEFUWUTIGONGFANGZHIGUANZHONGYAO。TIGONGFUWUYINGSHIYONGYOUGUANYUYAN。GULIDIYUEGUOJIANLIPINGGUXITONG,PINGGUFUYUANFANGANHEFUWUDEYOUXIAOSHISHIQINGKUANG,BAOKUOTONGGUOSHIYONGSHIDANGZHIBIAOHEJIZHUN。

                                清偿和真相权

                              星力9代  16.  QINGCHANGYINGBAOKUO――YOUYU《GONGYUE》DI12HE13TIAOXIADEDIAOCHAHEXINGSHIQISUYIWUERQIECHUZHEIXIEYIWUZHIWAI――RENHEHUOSUOYOUYIXIABUJIUBANFA:ZHIZAITINGZHIJIXUQINQUANDEYOUXIAOCUOSHI;HEZHENGSHISHIBINGCHONGFENHEGONGKAIPILUSHISHIZHENXIANG,DANZHEIZHONGPILUDEJUXIANSHI,BUDUISHOUHAIZHE、SHOUHAIZHEQINSHU、ZHENGRENHUOYIJICHUMIANGANYUYIYUANZHUSHOUHAIZHEHUOFANGZHIFASHENGJINYIBUQINQUANXINGWEIDERENZAOCHENGJINYIBUSHANGHAIHUOWEIXIEQIANQUANHELIYI;XUNZHAOSHIZONGZHEDEXIALUO,XUNCHABEIBANGJIAERTONGDESHENFEN,XUNZHAOYUHAIZHESHITI,BINGANZHAOSHOUHAIZHEHUOSHOUYINGXIANGJIATINGDEYIBIAODADEHUOTUIXIANGDEYUANWANG,XIEZHUFAJUE、BIANRENHEZHONGXINANZANGSHOUHAIZHEDESHITI;ZUOCHUGUANFANGSHENGMINGHUOSIFACAIJUE,HUIFUSHOUHAIZHEHEYUSHOUHAIZHEYOUMIQIEGUANXIDERENDEZUNYAN、MINGYUHEQUANLI;DUIQINQUANZERENRENDESIFAHEXINGZHENGZHICAI;GONGKAIDAOQIAN,BAOKUOCHENGRENSHISHIHEJIESHOUZEREN;JINIANHEDAONIANSHOUHAIZHE。

                                17.  YIGUOBUJISHIDUIKUXINGXINGWEIZHIKONGJINXINGDIAOCHA、TIQIXINGSHISUSONGHUOYUNXUYUZHEIXIEZHIKONGXIANGGUANDEMINSHISUSONG,KEGOUCHENGDUIJIUJIDESHISHISHANGDEJUJUE,CONGERGOUCHENGDUIGAIGUOZAIDI14TIAOXIADEYIWUDEWEIFAN。

                                保证不再发生

                              星力9代  18.  《GONGYUE》DI1ZHI16TIAOGUIDINGLEJUTIDEYUFANGCUOSHI,DIYUEGUORENWEIZHEIXIESHIFANGZHIKUXINGHENVEDAIDEBIXUCUOSHI。WEIBAOZHENGKUXINGHUONVEDAIBUZAIFASHENG,DIYUEGUOYINGCAIQUCUOSHI,DAJI《GONGYUE》QINQUANXINGWEIDEYOUZUIBUFAXIANXIANG。ZHEIZHONGCUOSHIBAOKUO,XIANGGONGZHIRENYUANYINFAGUANYU《GONGYUE》TIAOKUANYOUQISHIJUEDUIJINZHIKUXINGGUIDINGDEYOUXIAOMINGQUEZHISHI。QITACUOSHIYINGBAOKUOXIALIECUOSHIZHIYIHUOQUANBU:DUIJUNDUIHEBAOANBUDUIJINXINGGONGMINJIANDU;QUEBAOSUOYOUSIFACHENGXUFUHEZHENGDANGCHENGXU、GONGPINGHEGONGZHENGZHIGUOJIBIAOZHUN;JIAQIANGSIFAJIGOUDEDULIXING;BAOHURENQUANWEIHUZHEHEFALV、WEISHENGYIJIBANGZHUKUXINGSHOUHAIZHEDEQITAZHUANYERENYUAN;JIANLIZHIDU,DUISUOYOUJIYACHANGSUOJINXINGDINGQIHEDULIJIANCE;XIANGZHIFAGUANYUANYIJIJUNDUIHEANQUANBUDUIYOUXIANHECHIXUTIGONGRENQUANFAPEIXUN,BAOKUOBIANYUANHERUOSHIQUNTIDEJUTIXUYAOHEXIANGWEISHENGHEFALVZHUANYERENYUANHEZHIFARENYUANTIGONGGUANYU《YISITANBUERYIDINGSHU》DEZHUANXIANGPEIXUN;CUJINGONGZHIRENYUANBAOKUOZHIFA、CHENGJIAO、YILIAO、XINLI、SHEHUIFUWUHEJUNSHIRENYUANDUIGUOJIBIAOZHUNHEXINGWEIZHUNZEDEZUNSHOU;SHENCHABINGGAIGEZHUZHANGHUOYUNXUKUXINGHENVEDAIDEFALV;QUEBAOZUNSHOUGUANYUJINZHIQUHUIDE《GONGYUE》DI3TIAO;QUEBAOGERENHUOTUANTIKEHUODELINSHIFUWU,LIRUXIANGXINGBIEXIANGGUANHUOQITAKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGBIHUCHANGSUO。WEIYUANHUIZHICHU,CAIQUBENWENSUOLIECUOSHI,DIYUEGUOYEZAITONGSHILVXING《GONGYUE》DI2TIAOXIADEFANGZHIKUXINGXINGWEIYIWU。CIWAI,BAOZHENGBUZAIFASHENGHAIWEIGAIZAOKENENGSHIBAOLIGENBENYUANYINDESHEHUIGUANXITIGONGLEZHONGDAKENENGXING;ZHEIZHONGBAOZHENGKEBAOKUO,DANBUXIANYU:XIUGAIXIANGGUANFALV,DAJIYOUZUIBUFAXIANXIANG,BINGCAIQUYOUXIAODEYUFANGHEWEISHECUOSHI。

                                程序性义务:实施救济权

                                立法

                              星力9代  19.  GENJU《GONGYUE》DI2TIAOGUIDING,DIYUEGUOYINGZHIDING“YOUXIAODELIFA、XINGZHENG、SIFAHUOQITACUOSHI,FANGZHIZAIQIGUANXIAXIADERENHELINGTUNEICHUXIANKUXINGDEXINGWEI。”WEIYUANHUIZAIDI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIANZHONGYICHENGQING,“DIYUEGUOBIXUZHISHAOANZHAO《GONGYUE》DI1TIAOSUOJIEDINGDEKUXINGXINGWEIYAOSUHEDI4TIAODEYAOQIU,JIANGKUXINGXINGWEIDINGWEIGENJUQIXINGFAXUJIAYICHENGFADEZUIXING。”DIYUEGUOWEINENGZHIDINGMINGQUEJIANG《GONGYUE》XIADEYIWUNARUQIZHONGBINGJIANGKUXINGHENVEDAIDINGWEIFANZUIDEFALV,BINGYOUCIDAOZHIKUXINGHENVEDAIWEILIERUXINGSHIFANZUI,ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGZUAISHOUHAIZHEXINGSHIHEXIANGSHOUDI14TIAOSUOBAOZHANGQUANLIDENENGLI。

                              星力9代  20.  WEILUOSHIDI14TIAO,DIYUEGUOYINGZHIDINGFALV,XIANGKUXINGHENVEDAISHOUHAIZHEMINGQUETIGONGYOUXIAOBUJIUHEHUODECHONGZUHESHIDANGJIUJIDEQUANLI,BAOKUOPEICHANGHEJINKENENGWANQUANFUYUAN。ZHEIZHONGFALVBIXUYUNXUGERENXINGSHIZHEIXIANGQUANLIBINGQUEBAOQIHUODESIFABUJIUDETUJING。JITIPEICHANGHEXINGZHENGPEICHANGFANGANKEZUOWEIYIZHONGKEJIESHOUDEJIUJIXINGSHI,ZHEIZHONGFANGANBUDESHIGERENHUODEBUJIUHEJIUJIDEQUANLISHIXIAO。

                              星力9代  21.  DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,BENGUOGUONEIFAZUOCHUGUIDING,ZAOSHOUBAOLIHUOCHUANGSHANGDESHOUHAIZHEYINGSHOUYIYUSHIDANGHULIHEBAOHU,YIBIMIANTAMENZAIWEISHENZHANGZHENGYIHETIGONGPEICHANGSUOSHEJIDESIFAHEXINGZHENGCHENGXUGUOCHENGZHONGZAISHOUCHUANGSHANG。

                                22.  《GONGYUE》YAOQIUDIYUEGUO,YIDANZAIQIGUANXIAXIADERENHELINGTUNEIFAXIANBEIZHIKONGDEKUXINGFANZUIREN,YINGDUIQIQISUHUOYINDU,BINGJINXINGBIYAOLIFA,SHIZHICHENGWEIKENENG。WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,DI14TIAODESHIYONGBINGBUJINXIANYUZAIDIYUEGUOJINGNEIZAOSHOUSHANGHAIDESHOUHAIZHEHUOYOUDIYUEGUOGUOMINSHIJIADEHUOZHENDUIDIYUEGUOGUOMINSHIJIADESHANGHAI。WEIYUANHUIZANYANGDIYUEGUOWEIXIANGZAIQILINGTUZHIWAIZAOSHOUKUXINGHUONVEDAIDESHOUHAIZHETIGONGMINSHIBUJIUSUOZUODENULI。ZAISHOUHAIZHEWUFAZAIQINQUANXINGWEISUOFASHENGDEGUOJINGNEIXINGSHIDI14TIAOSUOBAOZHANGDEQUANLISHI,ZHEIYIDIANTEBIEZHONGYAO。SHISHISHANG,DI14TIAOYAOQIUDIYUEGUOQUEBAO,SUOYOUKUXINGHENVEDAISHOUHAIZHEDOUNENGSHIYONGBUJIUCUOSHIBINGDEDAOJIUJI。

                                有效的申诉和调查机制

                              星力9代  23.  ZAIJIELUNXINGYIJIANZHONG,WEIYUANHUICHANMINGLEWEIQUEBAODI14TIAOGUIDINGDESHOUHAIRENQUANLIDEDAOCHONGFENZUNZHONGGUOJIASUOYINGLVXINGDEQITAYIWU。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,DIYUEGUOLVXINGDI12TIAOHE13TIAOXIADEYIWUHELVXINGDI14TIAOXIADEYIWU,ZHEILIANGZHEZHIJIANYOUZHEZHONGYAOGUANXI。GENJUDI12TIAO,FANYOUHELILIYOUXIANGXIN,YOUYUQIZUOWEIHUOBUZUOWEIERZAIQIGUANXIAXIADERENHELINGTUNEIFASHENGLEKUXINGXINGWEI,DIYUEGUOYINGLIJIJINXINGYOUXIAOHEGONGZHENGDEDIAOCHA;ERQIE,DI13TIAOGUIDING,WEIYUANHUIZAIDI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIANZHONGYEYIQUEREN,DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAOJIANLIGONGZHENGHEYOUXIAODESHENSUJIZHI。RUGUODI12TIAOHEDI13TIAOXIADEYIWUWEIDEDAOBAOZHANG,JIUWUFAHUODECHONGFENJIUJI。SHENSUJIZHIYINGXIANGGONGZHONGTONGBAOBINGSHIGONGZHONGNENGGOULIYONGZHEIXIEJIZHI,BAOKUOBEIBODUOZIYOUDEREN,WULUNTAMENSHIBEIJULIU、ZAIJINGSHENBINGSHESHIZHIZHONGHAISHIZAIQITADIFANG,TONGGUOLIRUREXIANDIANHUAHUOJULIUSHESHIZHONGDEBAOMITOUSUXIANG;BAOKUORUOSHIHUOBIANYUANHUAQUNTIRENYUAN,QIZHONGBAOKUOTONGXINNENGLIKENENGYOUXIANDEREN。

                                24.  ZAICHENGXUXINGFANGMIAN,DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,SHELILEZHUGUANJIGOU,TONGGUOYIFAZHIDINGDECHENGXU,QIANGZHISHISHIZUIZHONGJUEDING,YISHIKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHENENGGOUHUODEJIUJI,BAOKUOSHIDANGPEICHANGHEFUYUAN。

                                25.  RUYUBAOZHANGSHOUHAIZHEDEJIUJIQUAN,DIYUEGUODEZHUGUANDANGJUBIXUJISHI、YOUXIAOHEGONGZHENGDIDIAOCHAHESHENCHARENHEZHIKONGZAOSHOULEKUXINGHUONVEDAIZHEDEANJIAN。ZUOWEIYIXIANGBIAOZHUNCUOSHI,ZHEIZHONGDIAOCHAYINGBAOKUO《YISITANBUERYIDINGSHU》SUOGUIDINGDEDULIDESHENXINFAYIJIANCHA。ZAIQIDONGHUOWANCHENGDUIKUXINGHUONVEDAISHENSUDEFALVDIAOCHAFANGMIANDEBUDANGTUOYANHUISUNHAISHOUHAIZHEZAIDI14TIAOXIADEHUODEJIUJIDEQUANLI,BAOKUOGONGPINGHECHONGFENPEICHANGYIJIJINKENENGWANQUANFUYUANDETUJING。

                                26.  JINGUANXINGSHIDIAOCHAKEDUISHOUHAIZHEDAILAIZHENGJULIYI,DANMINSHISUSONGHESHOUHAIZHEDESUOCHANGYAOQIUBUYINGQUJUEYUXINGSHISUSONGDEJIESHU。WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,ZAIQUEDINGXINGSHIZERENZHIQIAN,BUYINGBUZHENGDANGDITUOYANPEICHANG。MINSHIZERENYINGDULIYUXINGSHISUSONGERCUNZAI,YINGWEICIMUDEZHIDINGBIYAODEFAGUIHEZHIDU。RUGUOGUONEIFALVYAOQIUZAITICHUMINSHIPEICHANGZHIQIANBIXUXIANJINXINGXINGSHISUSONG,NEIME,BUJINXINGHUOBUDANGTUOYANXINGSHISUSONGGOUCHENGDIYUEGUODUILVXING《GONGYUE》XIADEYIWUDESHIZHI。JILVCHUFENBENSHENBUYINGBEISHIWEIDI14TIAOSUOZHIDEYOUXIAOBUJIUBANFA。

                                27.  GENJUDI14TIAO,DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAOZAIQIGUANXIAXIADERENHEKUXINGHUONVEDAIXINGWEISHOUHAIZHEHUODEJIUJI。DIYUEGUOYOUZERENCAIQUYIQIEBIYAOHEYOUXIAOCUOSHI,YIQUEBAOCILEIXINGWEIDESUOYOUSHOUHAIZHEDOUNENGDEDAOJIUJI。ZHEIZHONGZERENBAOKUO,ZAIYOUHELILIYOUXIANGXINFASHENGLEKUXINGHUONVEDAIDEQINGKUANGXIA,JISHIMEIYOUTOUSU,DIYUEGUOYOUYIWULIJIQIDONGYIGEJINCHENG,QUEBAOSHOUHAIZHEHUODEJIUJI。

                                28.  WEIYUANHUIQIANGLIEGULIDIYUEGUOCHENGRENWEIYUANHUIYOUQUANSHENYIGENJUDI22TIAOTICHUDEGERENSHENSU,YISHISHOUHAIZHENENGGOUTIJIAOLAIWENBINGXUNQIUWEIYUANHUIDEYIJIAN。CIWAI,WEIYUANHUIHAIGULIDIYUEGUOPIZHUNHUOJIARU《JINZHIKUXINGGONGYUERENZEYIDINGSHU》,YIJIAQIANGFANGZHIKUXINGHENVEDAIDEYUFANGCUOSHI。

                                使用获得救济的机制之途径

                                29.  WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,SHIFENZHONGYAODESHI,DIYUEGUOJIJIQUEBAOSHOUHAIZHEJIQIJIARENCHONGFENLEJIEQISUOQIUJIUJIDEQUANLI。ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,SUOCHANGCHENGXUYINGDANGTOUMING。ERQIE,DIYUEGUOYINGTIGONGYUANZHUHEZHICHI,YIJINLIANGJIANSHAOSHENSURENJIQIDAIBIAODEKUNNAN。MINSHISUSONGHUOQITASUSONG,BUYINGJIAZHUSHOUHAIZHELINGQIWUFASUOQIUJIUJIHUOSHIQISHOUCUODEJINGJIFUDAN。ZAIXIANYOUMINSHISUSONGWUFAXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGCHONGFENJIUJIDEQINGKUANGXIA,WEIYUANHUIJIANYISHISHIKUXINGHENVEDAISHOUHAIZHEBIANYUSHIYONGDEJIZHI,BAOKUOSHELIGUOJIAJIJIN,XIANGKUXINGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJI。YINGCAIQUTEBIECUOSHI,QUEBAOBIANYUANHUAHUORUOSHIQUNTIRENYUANDESUOCHANGTUJING。

                                30.  BULUNSHIFOUCUNZAIQITABUJIUBANFA,BIXUSHIZHONGXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGSIFABUJIU,ERQIEYINGYUNXUSHOUHAIZHECANYUQIZHONG。DIYUEGUOYINGXIANGQUEFABIYAOZIYUANYITICHUSHENSUHESUOCHANGDEKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGSHIDANGFALVYUANZHU。YINGSHOUHAIZHE、QILVSHIHUOFAGUANDEQINGQIU,DIYUEGUOHAIYINGXIANGSHOUHAIZHESUISHITIGONGGUANYUKUXINGHUONVEDAIXINGWEIDESUOYOUZHENGJU。DIYUEGUOWEINENGTIGONGZHENGJUHEXINXI,LIRUYIXUEJIANDINGHUOZHILIAOJILU,KEDUISHOUHAIZHETICHUSHENSUHESUOQIUJIUJI、PEICHANGHEFUYUANDENENGLIZAOCHENGBUDANGSUNHAI。

                              星力9代  31.  DIYUEGUOHAIYINGCAIQUCUOSHI,FANGZHIQINRAOSHOUHAIZHEYINSIBINGBAOHUSHOUHAIZHE、QIJIARENHEZHENGRENYIJIZAIYINGXIANGSHOUHAIZHELIYIDESIFA、XINGZHENGHUOQITASUSONGZHIQIAN、QIJIANHUOQIHOUGEJIEDUANDAIBIAOSHOUHAIZHEZHENDUIKONGHEHEBAOFUCHUMIANGANYUDEQITAREN。BUTIGONGBAOHUZUAILESHOUHAIZHETICHUSHENSU,YINERQINFANLESUOQIUHEHUODEPEICHANGHEBUJIUDEQUANLI。

                                32.  ZAIBAOHURENQUANFANGMIAN,BUQISHIYUANZESHIYIXIANGJIBENERPUBIANDEYUANZE,ERQIE,DUIYUJIESHIHESHIYONG《GONGYUE》ERYANJUYOUGENBENYIYI。DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,SIFATUJINGHESUOQIUYUHUODEJIUJIDEJIZHITUJINGXIANCHENGKEYONG;CAIQUJIJICUOSHI,QUEBAOSUOYOURENDOUNENGPINGDENGHUODEJIUJI,BULUNZHONGZU、FUSE、MINZU、NIANLING、ZONGJIAOXINYANGHUOGUISHU、ZHENGZHIHUOQITAJIANJIE、YUANGUOJIHUOSHEHUICHUSHEN、XINGBIE、XINGQINGXIANG、XINGBIERENTONG、XINLIHUOQITACANJI、JIANKANGZHUANGKUANG、JINGJIHUOTUZHUDIWEI、BEIJULIUDEYUANYINRUHE,BAOKUOBEIZHIKONGFANYOUZHENGZHIZUIHUOKONGBUXINGWEIDEREN、XUNQIUBIHUZHE、NANMINHUOQITASHOUGUOJIBAOHUDEREN,YEBULUNRENHEQITADIWEIHUOBULICHABIERUHE,BAOKUOJIYUSHANGSHUYINSUBEIBIANYUANHUAHUORUOSHIHUADEREN。YINGXIANGJUYOUTONGYANGSHENFENRENTONGDEQUNTILIRUSHAOSHUQUNTI、TUZHUQUNTIHEQITAQUNTITIGONGJUYOUWENHUAMINGANXINGDEJITIPEICHANGCUOSHI。WEIYUANHUIZHICHU,JITICUOSHIBUPAICHUGERENJIUJIQUAN。

                                33.  SIFAHEFEISIFACHENGXUYINGSHIYONGXINGBIEMINGANCHENGXU,BIMIANDUIKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEZAOCHENGZAICISHANGHAIHESHIQIMENGSHOUCHIRU。GUANYUXINGBAOLIHUOJIYUXINGBIEDEBAOLIYIJIXIANGYOUZHENGDANGCHENGXUHEGONGZHENGSIFAWENTI,WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,ZAIRENHESUSONGZHONG,WULUNSHIMINSHIHAISHIXINGSHISUSONG,ZAIQUEDINGSHOUHAIZHEDEJIUJI(BAOKUOPEICHANG)QUANFANGMIAN,YUJIYUXINGBIEDEBAOLIXIANGGUANDEZHENGJUHECHENGXUGUIZEBIXUDUIFUNVHENVTONGDEZHENGCIJIYUTONGDENGQUANZHONG,ZHENGRUDUIYUSUOYOUQITASHOUHAIZHE,YIYINGRUCI;ERQIE,BIXUFANGZHICAIYONGQISHIXINGZHENGJUHEDUISHOUHAIZHEHEZHENGRENDESAORAO。WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,SHENSUJIZHIHEJINXINGDIAOCHAYAOQIUCAIQUJUTIDEKAOLVDAOXINGBIECENGMIANDEJIJICUOSHI,YIQUEBAOXINGBAOLIHEXINGNVEDAI、QIANGJIAN、HUNNEIQIANGJIAN、JIATINGBAOLI、NVXINGWAIYINCANGEHEFANYUNDENGQINQUANXINGWEIDESHOUHAIZHENENGSUZHUXINGDONG,SUOQIUBINGHUODEJIUJI。

                                34.  WEIBIMIANDUIKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEZAOCHENGZAICISHANGHAIHESHIQIMENGSHOUCHIRU,SHANGDUANSUOSHUGEXIANGBAOHUTONGYANGSHIYONGYUJIYUSHENFENRENTONGHEQUNTI(LIRUDI32DUANZAIBUQISHIYUANZEXIALIECHUDEQUNTI)ERBEIBIANYUANHUAHUORUOSHIHUADERENHEREN。ZAISIFAHEFEISIFACHENGXUZHONG,DUIRENHECILEIRENYUANBIXUSHIYONGMINGANXINGZUOFA。YINCI,WEIYUANHUIZHICHU,SIFARENYUANBIXUJIESHOUGUANYUKUXINGHENVEDAIGEZHONGYINGXIANGBAOKUODUIBIANYUANHUAHERUOSHIQUNTIDESHOUHAIZHEDEYINGXIANGDEZHUANXIANGPEIXUN,HEGUANYURUHEDUIKUXINGHENVEDAI(BAOKUOBIAOXIANWEIXINGBAOLIHEJIYUXINGBIEDEQISHI)SHOUHAIZHESHIYONGMINGANXINGZUOFADEPEIXUN,YIFANGZHIZAICISHANGHAISHOUHAIZHEHESHIQIMENGSHOUCHIRU。

                                35.  WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,DUIYOUGUANJINGCHA、JIANYUGONGZUORENYUAN、YIWURENYUAN、SIFARENYUANHEYIMINSHIWURENYUANJINXINGPEIXUN,BAOKUOGUANYU《YISITANBUERYIDINGSHU》DEPEIXUN,SHIQUEBAOYOUXIAODIAOCHADEGENBENCUOSHI。CIWAI,JIUJIGONGZUOSUOSHEGUANYUANHEGONGZUORENYUANYINGJIESHOUFANGFAXUEPEIXUN,YIFANGZHIKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEZAICIZAOSHOUCHUANGSHANG。ZHEIZHONGPEIXUNYINGBAOKUO,DUIYUWEISHENGHEYILIAORENYUANERYAN,XUYAOXIANGJIYUXINGBIEDEBAOLIHEXINGBAOLIDESHOUHAIZHEYIJISUOYOUQITAXINGSHIDEQISHISHOUHAIZHETONGBAOXIANYOUKEYONGDEJINJIYILIAOCHENGXU,BAOKUOSHENTIHEXINLIZHILIAO。WEIYUANHUIHAIDUNCUDIYUEGUOZAIJINGCHAJIGUANNEIBUSHELIRENQUANBANGONGSHI,BINGSHELIZHUANZEGU,PEIBEIJIESHOUGUOZHUANMENPEIXUNDEJINGYUAN,CHULIJIYUXINGBIEDEBAOLIHEXINGBAOLIANJIAN,BAOKUODUINANRENHENANTONGDEXINGBAOLI,YIJIZHENDUIERTONGHEZHONGZU、ZONGJIAO、MINZUHUOQITASHAOSHUQUNTIHEZHENDUIQITABIANYUANHUAHUORUOSHIQUNTIDEBAOLI。

                                36.  CIWAI,WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAO,SHIFENZHONGYAODESHI,TIGONGSHIDANGCHENGXUYIJIEJUEERTONGDEXUYAO,TONGSHIKAOLVDAOERTONGDEZUIDALIYIHEERTONGZAISUOYOUSHEJIZISHENDESHIWUZHONGBAOKUOZAISIFAHEXINGZHENGSUSONGZHONGZIYOUBIAODAYIJIANDEQUANLI;YISHIFENZHONGYAODESHI,GENJUERTONGNIANLINGHECHENGSHUDU,DUIQIYIJIANJIYUYINGYOUZHONGSHI。DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,ZHIDINGYOULIYUERTONGJIANKANGHEZUNYANDEJUYOUERTONGMINGANXINGDEPEICHANGCUOSHI。

                                救济权的障碍

                                37.  JIUJIQUANDEYIGEGUANJIANYAOSUSHI,YOUGUANDIYUEGUOMINGQUECHENGREN,XIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGDEHUOPANJISHOUHAIZHEDEPEICHANGCUOSHISHIDUIYUYOUYUZUOWEIHUOBUZUOWEISUOZAOCHENGDE《GONGYUE》QINQUANXINGWEIDEPEICHANG。YINCI,WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,DIYUEGUOBUDEJIANGSHISHIFAZHANCUOSHIHUOTIGONGRENDAOZHUYIYUANZHUZUOWEIDUIKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJIDETIDAIPIN。DIYUEGUOWEIXIANGKUXINGSHOUHAIZHEGERENTIGONGJIUJI,BUDEYUANYINGUOJIAFAZHANSHUIPINGJIAYIBIANHU。WEIYUANHUITIQINGZHUYI,HOUXUGEJIEZHENGFUHEJICHENGGUORENGYOUYIWUBAOZHANGJIUJIQUANDEXIANGYOU。

                              星力9代  38.  《GONGYUE》DIYUEGUOYOUYIWUQUEBAOJIUJIQUANQIESHIYOUXIAO。FANGAIXIANGYOUJIUJIQUANHEYOUXIAOZHIXINGDI14TIAODEJUTIZHANGAIBAOKUO,DANBUXIANYU:GUOJIALIFABUZU,ZAISHIYONGSHENSUHEDIAOCHAJIZHIYIJIBUJIUHEJIUJICHENGXUFANGMIANCUNZAIQISHI;QUEBAODUIBEIZHIKONGFANZUIRENJINXINGJULIUDECUOSHIBUZU,FANGAIQUEDINGJIUJIQUANDEGUOJIABAOMIFA、ZHENGJUFUDANHECHENGXUYAOQIU;SUSONGSHIXIAO、TESHEHEHUOMIANQUAN;WEIXIANGSHOUHAIZHEHEZHENGRENTIGONGZUGOUFALVYUANZHUHEBAOHUCUOSHI;XIANGGUANCHIRUYIJIKUXINGHENVEDAIDESHENGLI、XINLIHEQITAXIANGGUANYINGXIANG。CIWAI,DIYUEGUOBUZHIXINGYOUGUONEI、GUOJIHUOQUYUFAYUANZUOCHUDEGUANYUXIANGKUXINGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGPEICHANGCUOSHIDEPANJUE,GOUCHENGDUIJIUJIQUANDEZHONGDAZHANGAI。DIYUEGUOYINGZHIDINGXIEDIAOYIZHIDEJIZHI,SHISHOUHAIZHEKEZHIXINGKUAGUOJIEPANJUE,BAOKUOCHENGRENQITADIYUEGUOFAYUANMINGLINGDEXIAOLI,BINGXIEZHUXUNZHAOFANZUIRENDECAICHAN。

                              星力9代  39.  GUANYUDI14TIAOYIWU,DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAOBIANYUANHUAHE/HUORUOSHIHUAQUNTIRENYUANZAIFALVSHANGHESHISHISHANGKEJISHISHIYONGYOUXIAODEJIUJIJIZHI,BIMIANCAIQUKEDUIZHEIXIEQUNTIRENYUANSUOQIUHEHUODEJIUJINENGLIZAOCHENGFANGAIDECUOSHI,BINGJIEJUETAMENZAIHUODEJIUJIFANGMIANKENENGMIANLINDEZHENGSHIHUOFEIZHENGSHIZHANGAI。ZHEIXIEZHANGAIKEBAOKUO,LIRU,KEJIEYILIANGHUASUNHAIDESIFAHUOQITACHENGXUBUZU,NANYILIANGHUAKEDUICILEIRENYUANZAIQUYONGHUOBAOGUANQIANCAIFANGMIANZAOCHENGCHAYIXINGFUMIANYINGXIANGDESUNHAI。ZHENGRUWEIYUANHUIZAIDI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIANZHONGSUOQIANGDIAODE,“XINGBIESHIYIGEGUANJIANYINSU。NVXINGSHENFENYUQITA……BIANSHITEZHENGHUODIWEIXIANGJIAOZHI,JUEDINGZHEFUNVHENVTONGZAOSHOUHUOYOUFENGXIANMIANLINKUXINGHUONVEDAIDEFANGSHIJIQIHOUGUO”。DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,ZAIBAOZHENGSUOYOURENYOUQISHIRUOSHIQUNTIRENYUANBAOKUONANNVTONGXINGLIAN、SHUANGXINGLIANHEBIANXINGREN(LGBT)BIXUDEDAOGONGPINGHEPINGDENGDUIDAIBINGHUODEGONGPINGHECHONGFENPEICHANG、FUYUANYIJIYUQIJUTIXUYAOXIANGDUIYINGDEQITAPEICHANGCUOSHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZAITIGONGSUOYOUSHANGSHUCUOSHIFANGMIANBIXUDUIXINGBIEJIYUYINGYOUZHONGSHI。

                              星力9代  40.  YOUYUKUXINGYINGXIANGJUYOUCHIXUXING,SUOYI,BUYINGSHIYONGFADINGSHIXIAO,YINWEISHOUHAIZHEYINGDEDEJIUJI、PEICHANGHEFUYUANHUIYINCIERBEIBODUO。DUIXUDUOSHOUHAIZHEERYAN,SHIJIANLIUSHIBINGBUHUIJIANQINGSHANGHAI,ZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIA,SHANGHAIKEYOUYUCHUANGSHANGHOUYINGJIERZENGJIA,DUICIXUJIYUYILIAO、XINLIHESHEHUIZHICHI,DANWEIHUOJIUJIZHEWANGWANGNANYIDEDAOZHEIXIEZHICHI。DIYUEGUOYINGQUEBAO,SUOYOUKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHE,WULUNQINQUANXINGWEIHESHIFASHENG,YEWULUNQINQUANXINGWEISHIYOUQIANZHENGQUANSHISHIDEHUOZAIQIMOXUXIASHISHIDE,DOUNENGXINGSHIQIBUJIUQUANBINGHUODEJIUJI。

                                41.  WEIYUANHUIYIGUANRENWEI,SHEMIANKUXINGZUIYUDIYUEGUOZAI《GONGYUE》XIADEYIWUBAOKUODI14TIAOXIADEYIWUBUJIANRONG。ZHENGRUDI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIANSUOZHICHUDE,“SHIXINGTESHEHUOCAIQUQITAZUNAOBANFA,SHIXIANPAICHUHUOBIAOMINGBUYUANYIDUISHIXINGKUXINGHUONVEDAIDERENJINXINGJISHIHEGONGZHENGDEQISUHECHUFA,SHIWEIFANBUKEJIANSUNYUANZEDE。”WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,SHEMIANKUXINGHENVEDAIDUISHOUHAIZHEHUODEJIUJIDENULIZAOCHENGBUKERONGXUDEZHANGAI,BINGZHUZHANGYOUZUIBUFAFENGQI。YINCI,WEIYUANHUIYAOQIUDIYUEGUO,QUXIAODUIKUXINGHUONVEDAIDERENHESHEMIAN。

                              星力9代  42.  TONGYANG,WEIFANGUOJIFA,DUIRENHEGUOJIAHUOQIDAILIRENHUOXIANGFEIGUOJIAXINGWEIFANGDEKUXINGHUONVEDAIXINGWEIJIYUHUOMIANQUAN,YUXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJIDEYIWUXINGCHENGZHIJIECHONGTU。ZAIFALVYUNXUHUOSHISHISHANGCUNZAIYOUZUIBUFAXIANXIANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,SHOUHAIZHEWUFASUOQIUCHONGFENJIUJI,YINWEIQINQUANZHEDEYIXIAOYAOFAWAI,SHOUHAIZHEBEIBODUOLEDUIYUDI14TIAOXIADEQUANLIDECHONGFENBAOZHENG。WEIYUANHUIQUEREN,ZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIA,DOUBUDEYIGUOJIAANQUANWEIYOUJUJUEXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJI。

                                43.  WEIYUANHUIRENWEI,ZHIZAIXIANZHISHIYONGDI14TIAODEBAOLIUYU《GONGYUE》DEMUBIAOHEZONGZHIBUXIANGRONG。YINCI,GULIDIYUEGUOKAOLVCHEHUIXIANZHISHIYONGDI14TIAODERENHEBAOLIU,YIQUEBAOSUOYOUKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEDOUYOUJIUJIHEBUJIUTUJING。

                                联合国援助酷刑受害者自愿基金

                                44.  XIANGYUANZHUKUXINGSHOUHAIZHEGUOJIJIJINTIGONGDEZIYUANJUANKUANZAIXIANGQITIGONGYUANZHUFANGMIANFAHUIZHEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。WEIYUANHUIQIANGDIAOLIANHEGUOYUANZHUKUXINGSHOUHAIZHEZIYUANJIJINSUOZUODEZHONGYAOGONGZUO,GAIJIJINXIANGKUXINGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGRENDAOZHUYIYUANZHU。WEIYUANHUIHAIQIANGDIAO,WULUNCAIQULEHEZHONGGUONEICUOSHIHUOSHIFOUZUOLEJUANKUAN,DIYUEGUOJUNKEXIANGGAIJIJINZUOZIYUANJUANKUAN。

                                监测和报告

                                45.  DIYUEGUOYINGJIANLIYITAOZHIDU,JIANDU、JIANCE、PINGGUHEBAOGAOXIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGDEJIUJICUOSHIHEBIYAOFUYUANFUWUDEQINGKUANG。YINCI,DIYUEGUOYINGZAIXIANGWEIYUANHUITIJIAODEBAOGAOZHONGLIERUGUANYUXIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGDEJIUJICUOSHIDESHUJU,ANNIANLING、XINGBIE、GUOJIHEQITAGUANJIANYINSUXIFEN,YILVXINGDI2HAOYIBANXINGYIJIANSUOZHONGSHENDEDUIXIANGSHOUHAIZHETIGONGJIUJIDENULIJINXINGCHIXUPINGGUDEYIWU。

                                46.  GUANYUDI14TIAODEZHIXINGQINGKUANG,WEIYUANHUIYIZHICHU,DIYUEGUOBAOGAOXUTIGONGGUANYUDI14TIAOZHIXINGQINGKUANGDECHONGFENXINXI。YINCI,WEIYUANHUIXIWANGQIANGDIAO,YINGTIGONGGUANYUYIXIAQINGKUANGDEJUTIXINXI:

                              星力9代  (a) YITONGGUOFALV、XINGZHENGHEQITATUJINGSUOQIUPEICHANGDEKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHERENSHUYIJISUOZHIKONGDEQINQUANXINGWEIDEXINGZHI;YIHUOPANFUPEICHANGDESHOUHAIZHERENSHU;PEICHANGJINE;

                              星力9代  (b) ZAIKUXINGHOULIJICAIQUDEYUANZHUSHOUHAIZHEDECUOSHI;

                              星力9代  (c) XIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGDEFUYUANSHESHIJIQISHIYONGBIANLI,YIJIXIANGFUYUANFANGANHUABODEYUSUANHEJIESHOUSHIHEQIXUYAODEFUYUANFUWUDESHOUHAIZHERENSHU;

                                (d) JIEYIPINGGUFUYUANFANGANHEFUWUYOUXIAOXINGDEFANGFA,BAOKUOSHIYONGSHIDANGZHIBIAOHEJIZHUN,YIJIZHEIZHONGPINGGUDEJIEGUO;

                                (e) WEIQUEBAOQINGCHANGHEBAOZHENGBUZAIFASHENGSUOCAIQUDECUOSHI;

                              星力9代  (f) XIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGBUJIUHEJIUJIQUANDEGUONEILIFA,YIJIDIYUEGUOSUOCAIQUDEYOUGUANSHISHICUOSHI。ZAIQUEFACIZHONGFALVDEQINGKUANGXIA,BAOGAOYINGLIERUGUANYUDIYUEGUOWEIZHIDINGHESHISHICIZHONGFALVSUOCAIQUDECUOSHI。

                              星力9代  (g) WEIQUEBAOSUOYOUKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEDOUNENGGOUXINGSHIBINGXIANGYOUDI14TIAOXIADEQUANLISUOCAIQUDECUOSHI。

                              星力9代  (h) XIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHETIGONGDESHENSUJIZHI,BAOKUORUHESHISUOYOUSHOUHAIZHELEJIEHEBIANLISHIYONGZHEIXIEJIZHI。DIYUEGUOHAIYINGLIERUGUANYUTONGGUOZHEIZHONGJIZHISHOUDAODESHENSUSHUMUDESHUJU,ANNIANLING、XINGBIE、GUOJI、DIDIANHEZHIKONGDEQINFANXINGWEIXIFEN。

                                (i) DIYUEGUOWEIQUEBAOSUOYOUKUXINGHENVEDAIZHIKONGDOUDEDAOYOUXIAODIAOCHASUOCAIQUDECUOSHI。

                              星力9代  (j) WEIJIJIQUEDINGKUXINGSHOUHAIZHESUOCAIQUDELIFAHEZHENGCECUOSHI,YIXIANGQITIGONGJIUJI。

                                (k) KUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEWEIHUODEJIUJIKEJIAYILIYONGDETUJING,BAOKUOSUOYOUXINGSHI、MINSHI、XINGZHENGHEFEISIFACHENGXU,LIRUXINGZHENGPEICHANGFANGAN,YIJISHIYONGCIZHONGJIZHIDESHOUHAIZHERENSHU、HUODEJIUJIHEPEICHANGCUOSHIDERENSHU、PEICHANGXINGSHIHE/HUOJINEDENGXINXI。

                              星力9代  (l) XIANGKUXINGHUONVEDAISHOUHAIZHEHEZHENGRENYIJIDAIBIAOSHOUHAIZHECHUMIANGANYUDEQITARENTIGONGDEFALVYUANZHUHEBAOHU,BAOKUORUHESHIQILEJIEZHEIZHONGBAOHUYIJIZHEIZHONGBAOHUDESHIJITIGONGQINGKUANG;HUODEFALVYUANZHUDESHOUHAIZHERENSHU;DEDAOGUOJIAZHENGRENBAOHUFANGANBAOHUDERENSHU;DIYUEGUODUIZHEIZHONGBAOHUDEYOUXIAOXINGDEPINGGU。

                                (m) WEIZHIXINGGUONEI、QUYUHUOGUOJIFATINGDEPANDUANSUOCAIQUDEBUZHOU,BAOKUOCONGPANJUERIDAOSHIJITIGONGPEICHANGHUOQITAXINGSHIDEJIUJISUOLIUSHIDESHIJIAN。DIYUEGUOHAIYINGLIERUGUANYUFATINGPANJUESHUZHONGZHIDINGDEYINGHUOPEICHANGCUOSHIDESHOUHAIZHERENSHUHEGUANYUSHIJIHUODEJIUJIDERENSHUDEXIFENSHUJU,YIJISUOSHEQINQUANXINGWEI。

                                (n) YOUNAXIEBAOZHANGCUOSHI,KEJIEYIXIANGBIANYUANHUORUOSHIQUNTIRENYUANTIGONGTESHUBAOHU,BAOKUOZHENGQUXINGSHI《GONGYUE》DI14TIAOSUOBAOZHANGQUANLIDEFUNVHEERTONG。

                                (o) WEIYUANHUIKENENGYAOQIUDERENHEQITACILEISHIXIANG。

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